Where does the seed come from? / Origin
2 - 4 months
Collecting the strongest seeds
4 - 5 months
Preparing for growth in an early stage
2 - 4 years
Sowing and growing
Lifting / Delivery and storage / Plant types
3 - 4 years
Harvest and packing for our clients
Growing trees for the future / End users
7 - 10 years
Growing tall and strong
Our goal is to have a vast and varied selection of provenances, including both good technical and physical quality – and with the right technical and genetic characteristics. Thus, we can offer high-quality planting material that with proper care will make perfect Christmas trees, even in the most challenging locations.
Majland holds 5 different “brands” – 3 of them are harvested in Denmark and 2 in Georgia. Further to this, we offer seedlings produced based on seed from Turkey and Russia.
FP1100 is a seed orchard of 0.95 ha. Located on the old Bredal Plant Nursery at Terndrup. FP1100 was established as a high-grafted orchard in 1988 by The Bredal Nursery – and acquired by Majland A/S in 2006.
The orchard was established to produce seeds for the production of Christmas trees according to the following criteria: Well-shaped trees with a healthy and vigorous appearance and dense foliage with many internodes.
The orchard is composed of 100 clones, each with 3 replications – 19 clones have subsequently been removed to improve quality further.
The grafting material for the orchard was harvested from selected mother trees (+trees selected for superior qualitative traits) in Tversted F. 526 (department 599d) and Tversted F. 527 (department 623c).
For many years, FP1100 has been harvested and used extensively by growers all over Europe, and for good reason. It has proven to administer continuous good yield with little effort. The result - is a slim expression with beautiful, leveled whorls – and yet with a full appearance.
In addition to its good Christmas tree characteristics, the orchard is very reliable in its yield of seeds, and we have not yet experienced not being able to supply seedlings of this variety.
Knuthenborg F.844 is a seed orchard located near Knuthenborg on the Danish Island of Lolland. The orchard is 2.1 ha. and is located in Strandetoften Skov. The seed orchard was established in 1994 by low grafting on 2/2 plants in pots, which were subsequently transplanted on location in 1995.
The orchard is made with Christmas tree production and foliage in mind.
It´s composed of 438 clones. There are currently approx. 1100 trees left, after thinning based on criteria for "post-harvest quality" - needle retention, resistance to neonectria and late flushing.
The grafting material originates from Dept. 10 (now Dept. 3) in Ambrolauri Tlugi in Georgia. In this department, all the mother trees were selected in the sub-department, that since the mid-90s have been harvested as A10 – Majland´s Brand.
Knuthenborg is not very widespread in terms of name and testing but will produce a material comparable to A10 - presumably even a little better, as the selection of the material involves trees of particularly good shape, branch angles, needle density, etc. Since the mid-90s, the A10 has been sold all over Europe and is still highly sought after.
Smørhaverne (in English "The Butter Gardens") is a clonal seed orchard of 1 ha. established by Ulrik Breüner Nielsen in 2008. The orchard is located in Snave on the Danish Island of Funen and was originally established as a low graft in the existing Christmas tree stand.
The purpose of this clonal seed orchard is to produce seeds particularly suitable for the production of Christmas trees.
The orchard is composed of 15 clones selected in Tversted (departments F.526 & F.527). The 15 clones have been selected based on their Christmas tree quality and a greater proportion of ON trees – and all 15 clones are part of a breeding program which, among other things, includes 78 clones from Tversted.
Furthermore, the selection of clones has also been based on neonectria resistance, needle retention etc.
Majland is the sole provider of this provenance. We expect that the upcoming material will improve earnings for future Christmas tree growers, due to less “maintenance” and even better quality and yield.
In addition to the Danish provenances highlighted above, we also carry several other brands. For further details visit the downloads.
Majland has 2 established Brands from Georgia - A10 and Bredal Select. Both from the forest area in Ambrolauri, Tlugi located in the Racha region – and both from natural forest stands.
Ambrolauri is very popular in Europe and has been the preferred provenance ever since it was brought to Denmark in the 1960s. Originally the purpose of the species was to be used as forest tree for timber production – but instead, it proved to have a perfect shape for Christmas tree production.
The A10 comes from what is called Department 3in Ambrolauri, Tlugi. Previously, the department was designated number ”10” (therefore A10), but this number was changed at the license auction in 2007 when all departments were assigned new numbers.
Department 3 is approx. 900 ha. and lies north/west of the Tlugi slope which means that it isn’t as exposed to pollination from other sections as those on the main Tlugi slope. That might as well be the reason why A10 keeps producing very beautiful trees year after year.
Majland is the sole provider of this provenance.
Like A10, Bredal Select originates from Ambrolauri, Tlugi and is picked in section 16 on the Tlugi slope - the lowest-lying picking area in Ambrolauri, Tlugi. Picking is only done in approx. the lower 50-meterelevation of the department 16, and Bredal Select keeps producing the same consistent material and very beautiful trees every single year.
Majland is the sole provider of this provenance.
The Abies nordmanniana, Apsheronsk Mesmai/Guamca provenance originates from the Krasnodar region in southwestern Russia. Here, the cones are harvested in areas around the town of Mesmai, which lies south/east of Apsheronsk city.
This provenance can tolerate lower temperatures than most other provenances making it the obvious choice in colder locations. Furthermore, it tolerates a higher pH value in the soil. It has naturally a more slender appearance.
However, due to the rapid growth - leader control is necessary. Although some of the growth is compensated by the lushness and a large internodal number.
Note: Because of the war in Ukraine, the harvesting of cones has been suspended for the time being.
The Abies bornmülleriana, provenance originates from north/western Turkey and is considered a "cousin" to the Nordmann fir. It flushes approx. 7-14 days earlier than most Nordmann fir trees, and therefore it wasn’t an obvious choice in Denmark.
Not until Abies bornmülleriana, Kongsøre (a genetically thinned offshoot, with later flushing time as an essential parameter) came into production. Based on this, other seed orchards have subsequently been created and are already in production with even better properties.
Here is the area where Abies bornmülleriana, Kongsøre was once collected.